واکاوی تطبیقی قابلیت اشتغال دانشجویان دانشکده‏ های کشاورزی و فنی مهندسی (مورد مطالعه دانشگاه کردستان)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموخته‌ی کارشناسی ارشد ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه کردستان، سنندج، ایران.

2 استادیار گروه اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه کردستان، سنندج، ایران.

10.22034/iaeej.2020.158393.1374

چکیده

با توجه به بحران بیکاری، پرورش قابلیت اشتغال دانش آموختگان که بتوانند خود را با دنیای کار هماهنگ و سازگار کنند، ضروری است. لذا، تحقیق توصیفی – همبستگی حاضر با هدف مقایسه قابلیت اشتغال دانشجویان دانشکده ­های کشاورزی و فنی مهندسی دانشگاه کردستان انجام شد. جامعه آماری این پژوهش را دانشجویان سال آخر این دانشکده ­ها در سال تحصیلی 95-94 تشکیل دادند (544 نفر). با توجه به فرمول کوکران، تعداد 140 نفر از آن‌ها از طریق روش نمونه ­گیری تصادفی طبقه­ ای متناسب انتخاب شدند. جهت تجزیه و تحلیل داده ­ها از دو نرم‌افزار SPSS و SmartPLS بهره گرفته شد. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که اکثر دانشجویان مورد مطالعه معتقد هستند بازار کار ایران در زمینه­ ی رشته­ ی تخصصی آن‌ها از وضعیت مناسبی برخوردار نیست. دانشجویان دانشکده­ های کشاورزی و فنی مهندسی از نظر قابلیت اشتغال تفاوت معنی­داری باهم نداشتند. همچنین، نتایج حاصل از تأثیر متغیرهای مستقل بر وابسته نشان داد که میزان خودکارآمدی، مهارت­ های کارآفرینانه، دانش و مهارت ­های تخصصی و ویژگی ­های کارآفرینانه به ترتیب بیشترین تأثیر را در میزان قابلیت اشتغال دانشجویان این دانشکده ­ها دارند. نتایج این مطالعه می ­تواند برای توسعه و افزایش قابلیت اشتغال دانشجویان کشاورزی و فنی مهندسی مورد استفاده قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Compararative Analysis of the Employability of Agricultural and Engineering Students (The Case of Kurdistan University)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ameneh Abdi 1
  • Farzad Eskandari 2
  • Mohammad Jalali 2
1 Former M.Sc. Student of Agricultural Extension and Education, Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Kurdistan, Sannandaj, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor in Agricultural Extension and Education, Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Kurdistan, Sannandaj, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Due to unemployment crisis, enhancing employability of university graduates in order to be able to adapt themselves with the market condition is critical. Therefore, cross-sectional research was conducted to compare self-reported employability of agricultural and engineering faculties students of Kurdistan University. The statistical population of this study consisted of senior students of these faculties in 2015-2016 (544 subject). According to the Morgan table, 140 of students were selected by proportional random sampling method. SPSS and Smart PLS statistical packages were used to especially analyze the data. According to the results, most of students believe that the work market in Iran is not sufficient, in their area of specialization and it is hard to find a decent job for most graduates. Further more, there was not significant difference between employability of agriculture and engineering students. Also, the results of the effects of independent variables on dependent variables showed that self-efficacy, entrepreneurial skills, knowledge and specialized skills, and entrepreneurial characteristics had the most powerful impacts on employability of students. The result of this study can be used to develop and enhance the employability of agricultural and engineering graduates in Iran.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Self-perceived employability
  • entrepreneurial characteristics
  • Entrepreneurial Skills
  • Agricultural and Engineering Students
  • University of Kurdistan
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