تعیین‎ کننده‎ های هنجارهای اخلاقی و اسناد مسئولیت در زمینه ‏ی حفاظت آب: مورد مطالعه کشاورزان شهرستان‏ های مهاباد و میاندوآب

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری ترویج، بخش ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شیراز

2 استادیار ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، بخش ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی

3 استاد ترویج و توسعه کشاورزی، بخش ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شیراز

چکیده

کشاورزی بزرگ‌ترین مصرف‎کننده‎ی منابع آب شیرین است و بنابراین هنجارهای و رفتارهای کشاورزان نقشی کلیدی در نظام مدیریت منابع آب دارند. هدف اصلی پژوهش حاضر، بررسی تعیین‎کننده‎های هنجارهای اخلاقی و اسناد مسئولیت در زمینه‎ی حفاظت آب بوده است. این پژوهش از نوع پژوهش‎های توصیفی‏ـ همبستگی است که با استفاده از روش پیمایش انجام شد. جامعه آماری مورد مطالعه، کشاورزان شهرستان‏های مهاباد و میاندوآب در استان آذربایجان غربی بودند که 380 نفر از آن‌ها با استفاده از روش نمونهگیری تصادفی طبقهای با انتساب متناسب به‌عنوان نمونه انتخاب شدند. ابزار مطالعه، پرسشنامهای بود که روایی آن توسط گروهی از متخصصان به تأیید رسید و پایایی آن با استفاده از ضریب آلفای کرونباخ مورد تأیید قرار گرفت. نتایج نشان داد که متغیرهای نگرانی نسبت به کمبود آب، اسناد مسئولیت و دلبستگی مکانی، اثر مثبت و معنی‎داری بر هنجارهای اخلاقی در زمینه‎ی حفاظت آب داشتند. همچنین، ارزش‏ جمع‎گرایانه به‌صورت مثبت و معنی‏داری، اسناد مسئولیت را تحت تأثیر قرار می‏دهد، این در حالی بود که ارزش‎ فردگرایانه اثر منفی و معنی‎داری بر اسناد مسئولیت داشت. همچنین نتایج نشان داد که متغیرهای مستقل پژوهش حاضر، توانایی پیش‎بینی در حدود 58 درصد از تغییرات واریانس متغیر وابسته را دارا می‏باشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Determinants of Moral Norms and Ascription of Responsibility towards Water Conservation: The Case of Mahabad and Miandoab Counties

نویسندگان [English]

  • Naser Valizadeh 1
  • Hamid Karimi 2
  • Dariush Hayati 3
1 Ph.D. Student of Agricultural Extension, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, School of Agriculture, Shiraz University
2 Assistant Professor of Agricultural Extension and Education, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Faculty of Agriculture
3 Professor of Agricultural Extension and Development, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, School of Agriculture, Shiraz University
چکیده [English]

Agriculture is the largest user of fresh water resources and thus farmers' norms and behaviors are of great importance in water resource management system. The main aim of the present research was to investigate the determinants of farmers' moral norms and ascription of responsibility towards water conservation. This study was a descriptive-correlational research which was carried out using survey method. The study population composed of farmers of Mahabad and Miandoab counties in West Azerbaijan Province from whom 380 farmers were selected as a sample through stratified random sampling method. The research instrument was a questionnaire which its validity confirmed by a panel of experts and the reliability of the items approved through a pilot study. The results revealed that water conservation concern, ascription of responsibility, and place attachment had positive and significant effects on moral norms of water conservation. Furthermore, collectivistic value orientation positively and significantly affected ascription of responsibility. However, individualistic value orientation has significant negative effect on ascription of responsibility. The results generally revealed that independent variables could predict about 58 percent of the variation of farmers' moral norms of water conservation.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Collectivistic Value
  • Individualistic Value
  • Water Conservation Concern
  • Place Attachment

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