نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 گروه جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی روستایی، دانشکده علوم جغرافیایی و برنامه ریزی، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان.
2 دانش آموخته جغرافیا و برنامهریزی روستایی،دانشکده علوم جغرافیایی و برنامهریزی،دانشگاه اصفهان
عنوان مقاله [English]
The sweeping social, economic and cultural changes that have occurred in recent decades have brought about major difficulties for nomad communities in continuing their lives with past practices. Settelment is an approach to manage some of these challenges in view of both some practitioners and nomad community. But, the policy doesn’t reach to desired objectives and conducted sometimes to unfavorable consequences. This study has investigated the consequences of nomads settelment in Dasht-e-Roum region of BoyerAhmad Township, both in the guided settling sites (Hossein Abad, Mansour Abad and Talkhdan) and the spontaneous one (Tangari).Totally 219 household heads interviewed from the whole 280 household community to gather the needed data and the reliability of questionnaire assessed 0.89 using theCronbach’s alpha test. The main consequences, based on the factor analysis, were the promotion in the situations of dwelling, facilities accessibility, social relations, economical foundations, settling environment health, households’ income, collective collaborations, some social damages and landuse changes (environmental degradation). Most ofthecultivated lands had change from the rainfed system to irrigated and per capita livestock reduced after the settelment. So, despite the obvious change of livelihood style from husbandry to farming, the main consequences of settelment were the social changes, access to services and relative stability of dwelling followed by economical bases, occupation and income situation. Generally, the 15 precedent years policy of settelment hasn’t had a considerable impact on productivity and evolution in nomads economy and livelihood. The major consequece has been the change of economic structures from productive sectors to other occupations with some differences among the four studied settling sites.