عوامل مؤثر بر موفقیت برنامه های تمرکز زدایی ترویج کشاورزی کشور

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی سابق کارشناسی ارشد ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشگده اقتصاد و توسعه دانشگاه تهران

2 استاد بخش ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی دانشکده اقتصاد و توسعه دانشگاه تهران

3 استاد بخش ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده اقتصاد و توسعه دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

امروزه تمایل دولت‌ها و تصمیم‌گیران ترویج از مدیریت متمرکز به سمت تمرکززادیی و خصوصی‌سازی خدمات، تغییر یافته است. هدف این پژوهش شناسایی عوامل مؤثر بر موفقیت برنامه‌‌های تمرکززدایی خدمات ترویج کشور از دیدگاه مدیران بود. پژوهش به روش پیمایشی انجام شد. جامعه آماری شامل مدیران ترویج کشاورزی کشور بود که 95 نفر از آنان با استفاده از روش‌ نمونه‌گیری طبقه‌ای تصادفی ساده به عنوان نمونه آماری انتخاب شدند. متغیر‌های پژوهش با استفاده از روش مرور منابع، تعیین شدند. ابزار پژوهش پرسشنامه بود که روایی محتوایی آن با نظر متخصصان و پایایی آن نیز با محاسبه آلفای کرونباخ تایید شد(0/91=α). یافته‌ها، چهار عامل زیرساختی، نظارتی، انسانی و حمایتی را به عنوان سازه‌های مؤثر، مشخص ساخت. الزاماتی که برای موفقیت برنامه های تمرکززدایی خدمات ترویج پیشنهاد شد عبارتند از توسعه زیر‌ساخت‌های اقتصادی، توانمند‌سازی کشاورزان برای مشارکت در برنامه ها و آگاه‌سازی کارکنان از اهداف و فلسفه برنامه های تمرکززدایی.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effective Factor on Success of Decenteraization of Agricultural Extension in Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mostafa Moradi Kafraj 1
  • Ahmad Rezvanfar 2
  • Iraj Malek Mohammadi 3
چکیده [English]

Nowadays, tendency of governments and extension decision makers have changed from economy dominance to privatization and decentralization. The purpose of this study was to identify effective factors on success of decentralization of agricultural extension services in Iran from administrators’ perspective. Survey study was applied as a methodology of research. Statistical population consisted Agricultural extension administrators of Iran out of them 95 extension administrators were selected as statistical sample through stratified random sampling technique. The research instrument was a questionnaire that its content and face validity were established by investigating the attitudes of specialists. Questionnaire reliability was estimated by calculating Cronbach's Alpha (α= 0.91). Findings revealed four factors, infrastructure elements, regulatory, human resources and supportive as effective factors. Implications that have been presented for success of decentralization of extension services are development of economic infrastructures, empowering farmers for participating in the programs and informing extension staff about goals and philosophy of decentralization programs.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Structural Reforms
  • Decentralization
  • participation
  • Extension Management

 

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