تبیین رفتار حفاظت از آب کشاورزان با استفاده از تئوری توسعه‌یافته رفتار برنامه‏ ریزی شده: مورد مطالعه شهرستان الشتر

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی دانشگاه کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی رامین خوزستان

2 استادیار گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی دانشگاه کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی رامین خوزستان

3 محقق مرکز تحقیقات روستایی راکورا هامیلتون، نیوزیلند

چکیده

مهم‌ترین دغدغه کشور‏های در حال توسعه، حفظ امنیت غذایی در سطح ملی و خانوار می ‏باشد. از طرفی، بدون آبیاری، دستیابی سریع به رشد محصولات کشاورزی که یکی از ابعاد مهم امنیت غذایی است، امکان‏ پذیر نمی ‏باشد. بنابراین کمبود آب سبب عدم امنیت غذایی می ‏شود. ازآنجایی‌که بخش کشاورزی بزرگ‏ترین مصرف‌کننده آب در ایران است؛ بنابراین حفاظت و استفاده مناسب از آب توسط کشاورزان در زمان حال و آینده تأثیر زیادی بر امنیت غذایی کشور دارد. مقاله حاضر با استفاده از تئوری رفتار برنامه‏ ریزی شده به‌عنوان مبانی نظری تحقیق، نیت و رفتار حفاظت از آب کشاورزان را درشهرستان الشتر استان لرستان بررسی نمود. نمونه تحقیق، 360 نفر از کشاورزان شهرستان الشتر بودند که بر اساس نمونه‏ گیری چند مرحله ‏ای تصادفی طبقه‏ ایانتخاب شدند. نتایج تحقیق نشان داد، سه متغیر نگرش، هنجار اخلاقی و هویت خود بر نیت افراد نسبت به حفاظت از آب تأثیر می‏ گذارند. از طرفی رفتار حفاظت از آب به‌طور معنی ‏داری توسط کنترل رفتاری درک شده و نیت تبیین می ‏شود. علاوه بر این یافته‏ ها نشان داد، با افزودن دو متغیر هنجار اخلاقی و هویت خود به تئوری رفتار برنامه ‏ریزی شده، قدرت پیش ‏بینی تئوری افزایش می‏ یابد. در نهایت، بر اساس نتایج تحقیق، پیشنهاد‌هایی جهت مصرف بهتر آب توسط کشاورزان ارائه گردید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Explanation of Farmers' Water Conservation Behaviors Using Extended Planned Behavior Theory: The Case of Farmers in Aleshtar County

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fatemeh Rahimi Faizabadi 1
  • Masoud Yazdanpanah 2
  • Masomeh Forouzani 2
  • Saeeid Mohammad Zadeh 2
  • Rabert Burton 3
1 Ph.D. Student of Agricultural Extension & Education, Department of Agricultureal Extension and Education, Khuzestan Ramin Agricultural and Natural Resources University
2 Assistant Professors, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Khuzestan Ramin Agricultural and Natural Resources University
3 Researcher of Ruakura Rural Research Centre, Hamilton, New Zealand
چکیده [English]

Maintaining food security at the national and household level is a major priority in most developing countries. However, without irrigation, the rapid increases in agricultural yields and outputs could not have been achieved. Thus, water scarcity leads to food insecurity. Agricultural sector is the largest consumer of water in Iran. Thus, conservation and appropriate use of water by farmers in past and present could have a significant impact on food security of the country. This paper used the theory of planned behavior as the theoretical base, to investigate the intention and water conservation behavior of farmers in Aleshtar county of Lorestan province. Sample of the research was selected based on multistage stratified random sampling (n = 360). Findings revealed that, three variables influenced intention toward water conservation: attitude, personal norm, and self-identity. In other hand, water conservation behavior was significantly determined by self-efficacy and intention. The results also showed that, adding two variables, personal norm and self-identity, to Theory of Planned Behavior increase the theory predictive power. Finally, based on the research results, suggestions for better use of water by farmers were provided.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Theory of Planned Behavior
  • Farmers' Water Conservation Behavior
  • Voluntary Action

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