شناسایی و تبیین نقش طیور محلی در معیشت خانوارهای روستایی شهرستان مراغه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری گروه ترویج، ارتباطات و توسعه روستایی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زنجان

2 دانشیار گروه ترویج، ارتباطات و توسعه روستایی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زنجان

چکیده

پرورش طیور محلی ضمن ایجاد تنوع معیشتی سهم مهمی در بهبود وضعیت اقتصادی خانوارهای فقیر روستایی کشورهای درحال‌توسعه دارد. شناسایی وضعیت این نظام بهره‌برداری و تلاش در برنامه‌ریزی بهبود جایگاه آن، نیاز به مطالعه عمیق و کیفی این نظام دارد. این تحقیق کیفی با هدف شناسایی و تبیین نقش نظام پرورش طیور محلی در معیشت خانوارهای روستایی صورت گرفت. از روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند برای انتخاب نمونه‌ها استفاده و فرایند انتخاب زنان تا رسیدن به اشباع نظری منجر به مطالعه 17 نفر از آن‌ها شد. روش جمع‌آوری داده‌ها به‌صورت مصاحبه عمیق و حضوری بود که از ابزارهای یادداشت‌برداری و ضبط صوت استفاده شد. همچنین با اجرای هفت مصاحبه گروهی متمرکز (گروه‌های 8-5 نفره)، اطلاعات لازم جمع‌آوری شد. نتایج نشان داد که پرورش طیور محلی، چهار مؤلفه مورد نیاز برای تأمین امنیت غذایی با­ثبات را دارد و با ایجاد امنیت غذایی برای روستاییان نقش مهمی در سلامت آن‌ها ایفا می‌کند. همچنین نتایج نشان داد که پرورش طیور محلی در کمک به اقتصاد خانواده، ارتقای جایگاه اجتماعی خانواده، بهبود دارایی‌های انسانی، افزایش توانمندی و مهارت زنان و کودکان، افزایش حس رضایت و آرامش روانی و استفاده پایدار از منابع طبیعی مؤثر بوده و سبب تأمین بخشی از معیشت خانوارهای روستایی می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identifying and Explaining the Role of Local Family Poultry in the Livelihoods of Rural Households in Maragheh Township

نویسندگان [English]

  • Halimeh Razmi 1
  • Ali Shams 2
1 Ph.D. Student of Agricultural Extension, Communication and Rural Development, University of Zanjan
2 Associate Professor of Agricultural Extension, Communication and Rural Development, University of Zanjan
چکیده [English]

Local family poultry husbandry has a major contribution to improving the economic situation of poor rural households in developing countries. Identifying the status of this production system and attempting to plan its improvement requires a deep and qualitative study of this system. This qualitative research was conducted to identify and explain the role of local poultry farming system in rural household livelihoods. The purposeful sampling method for selecting samples and the process of selecting women to achieve theoretical saturation led to the study of 17 units. The method of data collection was in-depth interviews and in-person interviews using the technique of taking note and recording the voice of rural women. Also, by implementing seven focused group interviews (groups of 5-8 people), the necessary information was gathered. The results showed that local family poultry farming has four main components needed for sustainable food security and this system has an important role in providing of food security for the health of vulnerable rural populations. As well, the results showed that family poultry husbandry has been effective in helping to family economy, promoting social status of the family, improving human assets, increasing the ability and skills of women and children, increasing the sense of satisfaction and mental relaxation and sustainable use of natural resources. As a final result it was concluded that a part of household livelihoods is provided by this productive system.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Rural Households
  • Local Family Poultry
  • Production System
  • Livelihood
  • Maragheh Township

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