عنوان مقاله [English]
Considering the importance of food security and agricultural sustainability in Iran's development vision document, the purpose of this research was to investigate the relationship between agricultural sustainability and food security of farming households in rural areas of Amol County. In this regard, the required data were obtained by stratified random sampling from 105 farmer households in the region. Coping Strategy Index was used to measure the food security status of households. Also, to determine agricultural sustainability, an aggregated index based on economic, social, and environmental pillars was used using Analytical Hierarchy process method. Pearson's correlation coefficient was emplyed to investigate the relationship between sustainability and food insecurity. Based on the results, gross profit margin from the economic aspect, empathy from the social aspect, and pesticides from the environmental aspect had the greatest impact on agricultural sustainability. Furthermore, 57% of farmer households in the rural areas of Amol County suffered from food insecurity. 39% had moderate food insecurity, and only 4% enjoyed food security. In addition, respondents use different levels of coping strategies to deal with food insecurity. In addition, there is a positive and significant relationship between social sustainability and food security in the rural areas of Amol county. While no significant relationship was found between economic and environmental sustainability and food security in the study area.